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What It’s Prefer to Volunteer with WWOOF, World Broad Alternatives on Natural Farms


I may let you know one story about WWOOFing. That’s the colloquial verb for being part of World Broad Alternatives on Natural Farms (WWOOF), a company that connects often younger, often free-spirited, often broke individuals around the globe with natural farmers in search of an additional hand, in change for meals, shelter, and an opportunity to see the world.

Anyway I may let you know about spending per week at a farm exterior of Wellsford, New Zealand. The farm was run by a hippie couple, previous to me then however most likely middle-aged to me now, with a romantically run-down house. I spent my days selecting salad greens and edible flowers and feeding chickens, and slept at evening in a yellow room in a mattress draped in mosquito netting. The house owners had been type and quirky and once I was accomplished with my work, they’d take me to the seaside to choose inexperienced mussels, or to journey horses by means of the hills, or roll me a joint and let me write of their devoted writing shed, which was lined with the work of Beat poets.

In addition they taught me about what “natural” meant, actually meant. Tips on how to keep away from waste and tread evenly on the earth, how you can make the perfect decisions you can in an imperfect world. They taught me how you can eat an orange like an apple, and simply what number of flowers actually are edible. Thus far, the eggs from their kitchen had been the perfect I’ve ever eaten. I’d by no means seen an egg refuse to unfold within the pan, taut with protein and energy, a yolk like marigold. They instructed me these eggs couldn’t legally be categorized as natural as a result of the chickens had been fed with desk scraps and worms as a substitute of licensed natural feed. It’s not about labels, I understood, however the dedication to regeneration and holistic practices.

That is the story I wished to have the ability to inform about my time WWOOFing. I went into this system seeking to get some hands-on expertise in sustainable farming; I wished to go to a plucky little farm on the opposite aspect of the world and have it change my life. A part of it, I admit, was eager to be seen doing a cool, moral factor: There’s a photograph of me nonetheless on Fb, standing on the farmers market sales space underneath a hand-painted wood signal, that serves as proof of my do-gooding. However largely, to be engaged on this farm was certainly an affirming expertise. I used to be serving to, I used to be studying, and maybe in some small method I used to be making the world a greater place.

I may let you know one other story although. I may let you know about how bizarre it was {that a} hostel in Newcastle, Australia made it into the WWOOF listing, and the way once I confirmed up there was no natural backyard to have a tendency, solely beds to be made and loos to be cleaned. As an alternative of natural meals I had a meager grocery price range, which I’d spend on beans, toast, and sausage rolls on the fuel station, and I slept in a visitor bunk. I used to be the one WWOOF participant there, which was not unusual on farms, nevertheless it felt unusual when everybody else was paid hostel workers or friends. I in the end didn’t thoughts. I had a free mattress and sufficient time to swim and wander and drink myself into oblivion with the workers. And on some degree, I knew this might occur. Even in these early web days, I had picked up on rumors of “host farms” that fudged the small print, in search of free labor.

WWOOF was based in 1971 by Sue Coppard, a secretary in London who, as she put it in a current interview, had a “distinct urge to get into the countryside.” Natural farming wasn’t essentially the impetus. “It was a method for Londoners to get out of town on the weekend, assist out a farmer, and simply construct a reference to the supply of their meals and help ecological and natural farming practices,” says Jenna Pollard, the membership program supervisor at WWOOF-USA. The thought of that cultural change — that it’s good for metropolis individuals to expertise nation life, and never the opposite method round — continues to be a core worth of the group. “Expertise rural dwelling whereas sharing within the on a regular basis lifetime of your host,” the WWOOF web site boasts.

Now, WWOOF operates in 130 nations underneath the Federation of WWOOF Organisations nonprofit, providing portals for every nation the place farm hosts and contributors can enroll and join with one another — like an Airbnb for volunteering. Giving individuals the prospect to work on an natural farm, it argues, “construct(s) a world neighborhood aware of ecological farming and sustainability practices.”

However what does that international neighborhood do when their farm stint is up — to say nothing if, like on the hostel, their expertise doesn’t line up with their expectations? As a result of WWOOF can be a tourism undertaking. Most host farms perceive that WWOOFers are there not simply to find out about natural farming, however to journey: In a method, it’s sofa browsing with a holier ethos. Due to that, the farms themselves can develop into much less websites of meals manufacturing and extra scenic backdrops to a backpacking journey. “Work can thus be perceived as leisure fairly than obligation,” write Kanokwalee Suteethorn and Judith Bopp in “Tourism With out Governance: WWOOF.”

The issue of how we look after the earth and feed ourselves is in a roundabout way the one drawback, the issue from which the remainder of our joys and sorrows spring. WWOOF tries to supply a path towards options by attractive non-farmers to work the land and see firsthand what can occur if all of us pitch in to make the meals chain a greater, extra sustainable one. Typically it really works; I realized new issues on the farm that made me extra conscious of the challenges going through small, sustainable farming operations. However consciousness is simply step one. When a farm turns into a trip spot, how a lot change is feasible?


“What we name natural farming at the moment was developed as a response to scientific agriculture” within the Twenties and ’30s, says Anneliese Abbott, an natural farmer and historian. Within the nineteenth century, farmers utilized improvements like chemical fertilizers and pesticides, which in the end had detrimental results, like leaving fields fallow or stripping produce of vitamins. Disillusioned by the “advances” of the trendy age, the originators of the natural motion in Europe regarded for methods to strategy farming extra holistically.

Organics wasn’t only a return to the way in which issues had been earlier than. “In truth, the soil scientists who first recognized natural agriculture voiced alarm that the normal agricultural practices then widespread to Europe and the US had been inherently unsustainable,” write Joseph Heckman and Mark Keating within the article “The Historical past of the ‘New’ Organics,” revealed in 2019. Fashionable, British-implemented farming practices had, for example, worsened the Irish potato famine, writes Charles C. Mann in 1493, as British agriculturalists denounced Irish “lazy beds” for contemporary “enhancements” like fertilizer and tight, degree rows — which allowed blight to unfold sooner. Relatively than science, natural farming may truly be the factor to make nature extra productive, write Heckman and Keating.

What turned often known as organics was actually “a really holistic system centered on soil well being,” Abbott says, which concerned “nature and nutrient biking, ensuring to return all natural wastes to the soil.” These early supporters had been usually taking a look at Asian and Indigenous American practices for inspiration: Early natural reformers noticed that composting strategies in China and India had been extraordinarily productive, for instance, and didn’t end in fallow fields and unusable soil. (Sadly, their takeaways usually romanticized and stereotyped the individuals they had been drawing inspiration from.)

However business agriculture had highly effective adherents; in spite of everything, chemical fertilizers did produce meals. World Conflict II turbocharged issues like processed meals, crediting science with the bounty within the grocery retailer. “Science goes to unravel all the issues,” says Abbott of the period’s pervasive perspective, “and the state has to have higher science than the Soviet Union to remain forward within the nuclear arms race.” On the onset of the Korean Conflict, American farmers began selling fertilizer as important to nationwide safety, as a result of they needed to feed the troopers, Abbott says. Supporting the natural motion “was nearly thought of like — you need us to lose the Chilly Conflict? You need the communists to take over?”

The natural motion stayed fringe within the Nineteen Fifties. However by the point Coppard considered sending Londoners to the countryside, it had acquired a lift, due to the publication of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring in 1962. Extra individuals turned conscious of the usage of artificial pesticides in meals, and the natural motion started constructing on that concern, positioning itself as a substitute for a world of air pollution. The ’60s noticed the event of extra “meals conspiracies,” aka meals co-ops, and farmers got here collectively to kind natural farming associations. Earth Day was first noticed in 1970, the end result of a constructing concern for the setting.

WWOOF began “proper at that peak of the countercultural curiosity in pure meals and farming,” Abbott says. There was an entire world able to upend how issues had been accomplished, and WWOOF was a possible gateway to that change. You didn’t should know how you can farm, or have cash to purchase your personal land. You simply needed to present up.


Some volunteers credit score WWOOFing with altering the trajectory of their lives. Greg Van Ullen determined to WWOOF after closing a beverage firm he ran in Brooklyn in 2016. Going through a free summer season and a turning level in his profession, he landed on a sheep and berry farm in Vermont run by one man. “There have been concrete issues I realized, like how you can tie up a sheep, or how you can lower down a tree with a chainsaw,” he says of his two-week stint. However his host was adamant about sustaining a work-life steadiness, and he was additionally in a position to spend so much of time mountain climbing and excited about the longer term.

That led to Van Ullen and his spouse leaving their Brooklyn house and shopping for a farm in upstate New York, the place he now raises chickens and has plans to lift sheep. For him, WWOOFing allowed him to “see a unique form of life and the way [he] may have [his] personal model of that,” he says. “If I hadn’t gone to extra of a solo farm, I don’t know that I might have gotten that.”

Illustration of a suitcase with stickers depicting a trowel, tree, and mower.

Brittney Portes turned all for sustainable agriculture after interning at a permaculture farm. “I ate a carrot from the bottom, and it tasted so disgusting to me,” she says. “However then the farmer checked out me like, Brittney — that’s what a carrot is meant to style like. And I felt like my entire life was a lie.” That have led her to intern at Blue Hill at Stone Barns, and later, to work as each a WWOOF undertaking coordinator and volunteer on farms by means of its program.

Portes regarded to WWOOF particularly to be taught extra about meals manufacturing. She says she realized how you can harvest produce and plant cowl crops, how you can begin seeds, the significance of wholesome soil, and the total schedule of working a farm. After two years of volunteering, she moved again to New Jersey and started Gardens of Sol, a consulting enterprise serving to individuals be taught to develop their very own meals, even when it’s of their yard or in a kitchen window. She additionally recurrently posts about WWOOF on TikTok, serene photographs of herself in overalls in daylight and greenery, pushing wheelbarrows and selecting lettuce.

That romance has been a part of it from the start. The thought of going “again to the land” (the place else can we stay?) was centered on self-sufficiency and homesteading, the concept of 1 individual or a pair creating sufficient for simply themselves, and discovering success within the act (in response to Abbott, married {couples} had been the most typical items participating in natural farming within the Nineteen Seventies). For the reason that creation of image-based social media, sharing that success turned extra public, for homesteaders and weekenders alike — TikTok is now awash in dreamy footage and movies of WWOOFing younger individuals in sturdy however cute outfits forking hay and feeding child animals, whereas additionally having fun with lovely meals supplied by host households, or taking in enviable countryside views. The storytelling about WWOOFing, each oral and visible, is a key element of its total mission, attractive those that could not find out about this system with photographs that say this might be you.

As Coppard stated, her aim wasn’t to construct the natural motion, it was to “get into the countryside.” It’s lovely on the market.


If you wish to WWOOF, you first should resolve the place you wish to go. As a result of WWOOF is organized as a federation of various nations, every nation has its personal course of by which potential WWOOFers enroll and entry the farm listing, and a unique course of in how the group vets and onboards the farms themselves. Up by means of the early 2000s, this meant sending away for a bodily listing, with addresses, telephone numbers, and generally emails of host farms in your required nation. From there it was as much as you.

The web made issues a bit extra dependable. Within the U.S., “a number will enroll by means of the web site, arrange a profile, and skim the constitution to ensure that they’re conscious of the group’s mission and tips for participation,” says Pollard. In addition they should submit photographs of the farm and particularly the sleeping circumstances, so potential volunteers can see precisely the place they’re going.

WWOOF is conscious that many individuals who enroll aren’t doing it for the pure love of organics. Pollard says of the 14,000 registered WWOOFers seeking to work on a number farm, there’s everybody from keen future farmers to “individuals who need to journey and have an journey, however wish to avoid wasting cash.” The aim, she says, is to make sure that even those that are solely in search of an inexpensive mattress are moved in a roundabout way, and WWOOF tries to teach contributors on the group’s mission. “You would possibly go to a farm for one motive, however have a very totally different transformative expertise,” she says.

Not everybody has a great expertise. Anya Bernstein says that when she determined to WWOOF on a Hawai‘i cacao farm in 2017, she went in considering, “it’s going to be very romantic, I’m going to meet this a part of myself that’s, like, a do-gooder,” she says. The farm she linked with, one of many few that might take volunteers underneath 21 (she was a freshman in faculty), gave the impression to be run by a pleasant girl who insinuated she was internet hosting a number of volunteers. However in the end, “none of these issues had been met, as a result of the fact was, there was simply this girl who had spent all of her cash on a dump.”

What was initially offered to her as a working cacao and vegetable farm close to Hilo turned out to be a lady who purchased cacao in bulk to make chocolate to promote on the farmers market, and who had a small plot of land Bernstein spent clearing of trash. And crucially, it was simply her — no different volunteers. “I don’t assume I might have chosen the farm if I’d identified it wasn’t a working farm,” Bernstein says, and after 4 days, she left to stick with her grandma, who lived on the opposite aspect of the island.

Inside the WWOOFing neighborhood it’s nearly anticipated that one may have had a horror story or two. Many volunteers have written about their desires of significant, fulfilling, and picturesque work, solely to be met with insufficient housing and meals or hosts that had misrepresented their operations. Some discovered themselves conscripted into business harvests as free labor. Typically it’s laughed off or chalked as much as what being younger and touring the world is all about, a great story to convey house. Mathilde Montpetit initially heard about WWOOF from her brother, who “ended up getting left on a horse farm by himself over winter with, like, no method to go away,” she says. However her sense of journey made that sound extra enjoyable than terrifying, and he or she says she had a constructive expertise throughout her 2012 expertise on an Alaskan farm.

Pollard says the web has made it a lot simpler to instantly reply to stories of dangerous hosts — there’s a overview system in place, and he or she says she’s always following up with WWOOFers and farmers about their experiences.

Typically, it doesn’t actually matter. I truthfully can’t keep in mind feeling all that disillusioned once I realized I’d be working as a maid in an Australian hostel. I had simply come from weeks of engaged on numerous farms in New Zealand, however extra importantly, like many WWOOFers, I used to be not in this system to start my profession in farming. As an alternative, I used to be there to expertise. And crucially, I already knew what I valued.

To decide on to WWOOF over backpacking or sofa browsing means one thing about engaged on a farm already appeals to you. The previous WWOOFers I spoke to all stated sustainable farming was one thing they already had expertise with; Bernstein volunteered on farms in highschool, Portes interned on a permaculture farm when she was 18, and Montpetit spent summers working at her native farmers market. “It’s no less than partially a range bias,” Montpetit says. “You’re all for farm work, which means that you consider farm work already.”

In different phrases, WWOOFing is a affirmation of a price, not an introduction of 1. It’s a lens by means of which to see the neighborhood that already exists, fairly than a instrument with which to construct one from scratch. It is a good factor — it’s a lot simpler to interact individuals who already care. However being conscious of what it takes to convey greens from the soil to your desk with sustainable practices means nothing if farmers can’t truly farm.


American farms are underneath risk. In a 2024 Fashionable Farmer piece, Carly Boyer writes that within the U.S., “farmland is being misplaced to improvement at a fee of greater than 2,000 acres per day.” Amongst farming’s subsequent era, 59 p.c of respondents to the 2022 Nationwide Younger Farmer Survey referred to as discovering inexpensive land to purchase “very or extraordinarily difficult,” naming land entry their major concern. Over 100,000 farmers stop farming from 2011 to 2018, because of the results of local weather change and the monetary challenges of the day-to-day.

WWOOF was not constructed to unravel for that. The battle extra doubtless lies in laws that protects the Environmental Safety Company and supplies extra funding for natural farmers, and punishes corporations like Monsanto for deliberately damaging farms. Boyer argues that funding for community-led farming tasks ought to be made everlasting by means of the Growing Land Entry, Safety, and Alternatives Act, and others have referred to as for funding in sustainable irrigation methods and guaranteeing farmers have the proper to repair their very own gear.

And but, the world WWOOF initially wished to create now exists. Extra individuals than ever know and care about natural farming, whether or not that’s restaurant diners enthusiastic about ingredient sourcing, consumers in a position to decide on between pasture-raised or cage-free eggs, or the farmers themselves. Eighty-six p.c of the ten,000 respondents to the Younger Farmer Survey — which defines “younger farmer” as anybody underneath 40 — say their farming practices are regenerative. Drilling down even additional into the report, 83 p.c of younger farmers say they’re “motivated by environmental conservation. For BIPOC younger farmers that quantity is 87 p.c, and it’s 88 p.c for Black younger farmers.” WWOOF is seeking to harness that curiosity extra concretely: The group now runs a Future Farmers program, which supplies funding and agroecology certification to younger individuals seeking to farm.

“We’re seeing a particular enhance within the variety of WWOOFers who’re becoming a member of with the aim of gaining these expertise,” Pollard says. And the business wants them. Per the Younger Farmers survey, greater than three-quarters recognized as first-generation farmers — i.e., they didn’t inherit their land or farming information, however as a substitute sought out that path for themselves. They should begin someplace.

WWOOF will at all times be a method to journey for affordable, and perhaps get caught making hostel beds or clearing out somebody’s yard. However it’s also maybe the bottom barrier to entry that presently exists for studying how you can farm. As a result of many people simply don’t know. “There is a reasonably large group of people who find themselves like, I wish to go away the nine-to-five, I wish to be taught one thing new, I really feel trapped, I wish to join with the land and be near animals,” says Portes.

WWOOF usually encourages essentially the most romantic points of that concept: the country desires, the dirt-covered greens, the concept that you can spend all day feeding child pigs with a bottle. Which signifies that the overwhelming majority of contributors are volunteering for a matter of weeks with the specific encouragement to discover new environment, to not be taught to run a enterprise. They’re vacationers, and tourism can really feel like a crass and soiled phrase.

However simply as you doubtless gained’t go to Italy until there’s one thing you’ve heard about Italy that appeals to you, you gained’t work on a farm until you’re already all for farm work. Tourism is about wanting one thing new, and we as people are completely able to being modified by new experiences. I went to New Zealand as a vacationer, with no intentions of a profession in agriculture, and I returned with stronger opinions about natural regulation. Like every expertise, it turns into what you need it to be. Some individuals begin their very own farms, others by no means give it some thought once more. You’re by no means going to vary until you wish to.

Over 50 years after WWOOF was based, we’re nonetheless attempting to determine how you can forge solidarity between city dwellers and farmers. And WWOOF stays an imperfect gateway, the factor that may spark one thing if the circumstances are proper, fairly than the spark itself. However I nonetheless dream of these eggs, and a world wherein they’re the norm. Possibly in one other 50 years we’ll get there.

Beck Deresse is a Black, queer illustrator who loves brussels sprouts.

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