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HomeNewsTimeline: A historical past of coups in Niger | Information

Timeline: A historical past of coups in Niger | Information


Niger’s President Mohamed Bazoum was faraway from energy by a gaggle of troopers hours after members of his guard detained him on the presidential palace within the capital, Niamey, throwing the nation into political turmoil.

Colonel Amadou Abdramane, spokesperson of the group, stated on Wednesday that defence and safety forces had determined to “put an finish to the regime that you recognize because of the deteriorating safety state of affairs and unhealthy governance”. Abdramane stated Niger’s borders had been closed, a nationwide curfew declared, and all establishments of the republic suspended.

Nonetheless, Bazoum pledged to safeguard “hard-won” democratic positive factors in Niger, saying on the social platform X, previously often called Twitter: “All Nigeriens who love democracy and freedom would need this.”

The army takeover marks the fifth profitable coup within the West African nation’s historical past because it gained independence from France in 1960, with different unsuccessful makes an attempt in between.

Listed below are all of the occasions the army overthrew the federal government in Niger:

1974

In April, Lieutenant Colonel Seyni Kountche leads a army coup, ending Hamani Diori’s 14-year rule, suspending the nation’s structure and dissolving the Nationwide Meeting.

Kountche types the 12-member Supreme Army Council (SMC) which takes management of presidency affairs.

In line with some studies, about 20 folks had been stated to have been killed within the ordeal.

Picture taken on April 22, 1974 at Niamey showing the Supreme Council
An image taken on April 22, 1974, at Niamey exhibiting the Supreme Council, the brand new authorities, members posing with the military commander, Sani Souna Sido (third proper, first row), and the pinnacle of state, Seyni Kountche (4th proper, first row) [File: AFP]

1996

Military officers stage a coup overthrowing President Mahamane Ousmane and Prime Minister Hama Amadou in January, saying a political impasse had threatened financial reforms, incurring the anger of former colonial energy France.

Lieutenant Colonel Ibrahim Naked Mainassara, the armed forces chief of workers, turns into the nation’s chief, saying the intention of the coup was to permit a brand new begin and to not finish multiparty democracy.

This picture taken on January 31, 1996 shows Niger's Colonel Ibrahim Bare Mainassara speaking during a meeting in Niamey.
Colonel Ibrahim Naked Mainassara talking throughout a gathering in Niamey in 1996 [File: Boureima Hama/AFP]

1999

Mainassara is killed in April by dissident troopers in an ambush at Niamey airport, paving the best way for a 3rd coup within the nation’s tumultuous historical past.

Daouda Malam Wanke, the commander of the presidential guard, takes energy earlier than asserting that there shall be an elected president and a return to civilian rule by 2000.

Mamadou Tandja wins Niger’s presidential election, defeating Mahamadou Issoufou, a former prime minister. Worldwide observers known as the election that adopted the 1999 coup typically free and truthful.

2010

A gaggle of army leaders calling themselves the Supreme Council for the Restoration of Democracy (CSDR), led by Normal Salou Djibo, captures Tandja and his ministers after a gun battle.

The structure is suspended and all state our bodies dissolved. The army authorities guarantees to show Niger into “an instance of democracy and of excellent governance” after accusing Tandja of amending the structure.

“What we did was in one of the best curiosity of Niger … we ask you to remain calm, we’re right here for you, we’re listening and we guarantee you that we’ll by no means allow you to down,” one of many coup leaders stated.

Political tensions had been rising in Niger since Tandja dissolved the parliament in 2009 and prolonged his personal mandate following a referendum past a second time period.

New legislative elections are held in early 2011, with Issoufou successful in a presidential run-off.

Niger's soldiers stand guard on February 22, 2010
In a February 2010 photograph, Nigerien troopers stand guard at a army compound in Niamey following the coup and overthrow of former chief Tandja [File: Sia Kambou/AFP]

2023

On Wednesday, July 26, members of the presidential guard, led by Normal Omar Tchiani, lower off the presidential palace in Niamey and detain Bazoum inside, sparking regional and worldwide concern about instability.

The army proclaims that each one establishments are suspended, land and air borders closed and a curfew put in place.

Niger’s International Minister Hassoumi Massoudou calls on the nation’s troopers to launch President Bazoum and settle their calls for by way of dialogue.

The Financial Neighborhood of West African States (ECOWAS), United States, France, and the United Nations additionally strongly condemns the coup, calling it “unconstitutional”.

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