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9 Historic Legends Who Modified The Course of India’s Medical Achievements


The current-day progress in trendy medication relies on the contributions of many nice women and men who tirelessly labored to make India a hub for analysis, discovery and ingenuity. Listed below are 9 such trailblazers.

Wanting again on the course of historical past, there are some defining moments which have modified the trajectory of science and medication. Current-day developments in these fields beckon us to recollect the contributions of innumerable scientists whose work has formed these achievements.

Listed below are some that stand out:

1. The invention of ATP

Yellapragada Subbarao discovered the energy molecule ATP
Yellapragada Subbarao found the power molecule ATP, Image supply: The Higher India

The power molecule Adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) drives processes in all dwelling cells. This basis block of life was found in 1929 by two unbiased teams of researchers — Cyrus H Fiske and Yellapragada Subbarao at Harvard Medical College (Boston) and Karl Lohmann on the Kaiser Wilhelm Institutes (Berlin and Heidelberg).

This wasn’t Dr Subbarao’s solely discovery. A scholar of the Harvard College of Tropical Drugs, he additionally found Aureomycin — an antibiotic that was stronger than each penicillin and streptomycin, and Hetrazen — a drug used to deal with fibrosis in animals.

2. Transmission of malaria

Kishori Mohan Bandyopadhyay helped Ross with identifying the transmission of malaria
Kishori Mohan Bandyopadhyay helped Ross with figuring out the transmission of malaria, Image supply: The Higher India

The work of Sir Ronald Ross — a British medical physician who obtained the Nobel Prize in 1902 for his work on the transmission of malaria — is well known worldwide and even gained the Nobel Prize in 1902. However, what has typically gone unacknowledged is the contributions of Kishori Mohan Bandyopadhyay who assisted with the groundwork for the research.

Bandyopadhyay would convey malaria-afflicted sufferers to the lab, acquire blood samples for the research and carry out real-time experiments. By 1899, the duo had ascertained that the feminine Anopheles mosquito was a vector within the transmission of malaria to people.

3. A beacon in the course of the plague

Dr Padmanabhan Palpu was responsible for helping infected people during the plague
Dr Padmanabhan Palpu was accountable for serving to contaminated individuals in the course of the plague, Image supply: The Higher India

Hundreds of lives have been misplaced within the 1898 plague of Bengaluru. Information stories on the time chronicled tales of a number of hospital employees pressured to go away their jobs and flee however Dr Padmanabhan Palpu stood out for his heroism.

Appointed superintendent of the plague camps within the metropolis, Dr Palpu was accountable for operating segregation camps for contaminated individuals, contact camps and well being camps for his or her family. Whereas numerous individuals have been within the chokehold of the plague, Dr Palpu would personally coax the members of the family of contaminated individuals to maneuver to those camps.

4. Growing the world’s first non-steroidal contraceptive tablet

Dr Nitya Anand developed the world’s first non-steroidal contraceptive pill
Dr Nitya Anand developed the world’s first non-steroidal contraceptive tablet, Image supply: The Higher India

In 1951, when Carl Djerassi, an Austrian-born Bulgarian-American pharmaceutical chemist, and his colleagues George Rosenkrantz and Luis Miramontes, developed the primary contraception tablet, it was seen as a breakthrough in contraception. In 1960, a gaggle of Indian researchers led by Dr Nitya Anand have been intent on doing the identical and tasted success.

The tablet known as ‘Saheli’ doesn’t disturb a lady’s hormonal stability because it doesn’t have an effect on ovulation. As an alternative, the best way it prevented contraception was by stopping the method of implantation (when a fertilised egg attaches to a lady’s uterine lining). Because it was non-steroidal, if a lady selected to discontinue it, she would have the ability to regain fertility.

5. A drug that treats ‘kala-azar’

Upendra Nath Brahmachari developed a drug to treat kala azar
Upendra Nath Brahmachari developed a drug to deal with kala azar, Image supply: The Higher India

A “monumental” discovery of recent medication was the drug urea stibamine by Upendra Nath Brahmachari to deal with kala azar (visceral leishmaniasis) — a protozoal an infection transmitted by the sand fly and resulting in signs equivalent to an enlarged spleen, fever and anaemia.

Brahmachari’s work got here at a time when the conventional strategy — an intravenous administration of tartar emetic — was resulting in a number of uncomfortable side effects.

6. India’s first human dissection

Dr Madhusudan Gupta performed India’s first human dissection
Dr Madhusudan Gupta carried out India’s first human dissection, Image supply: The Higher India

Nearly 200 years in the past, the sphere of medication in India skilled a second that may be remembered as legendary — Kolkata-based Dr Madhusudan Gupta carried out India’s first human dissection. Not solely was this a commendable feat, however Dr Gupta did so at a time when touching a lifeless physique was fully out of the query for anybody from Hindu society.

Six months of preparation had gone into the process which set the stage for future dissections. By 1848, Calcutta Medical School was seeing near 500 dissections a 12 months.

7. Paving the best way for feminine medical doctors

Rukhmabai was India’s first practising female doctor
Rukhmabai was India’s first practising feminine physician, Image supply: The Higher India

She could also be acclaimed as India’s first practising feminine physician however Rukhmabai was greater than that. A lot earlier than she ventured into the medical occupation, she made headlines for her brave battle in court docket to overturn her youngster marriage.

Rukhmabai’s court docket case impressed the ‘Age of Consent Act of 1891’, following which the British Authorities banned the apply of kid marriage in India. Free from the shackles of marriage, Rukhmabai studied on the London College of Drugs for Ladies in 1889 following which she returned to India the place she took up the place of Chief Medical Officer in Surat.

8. Coaching a technology of midwives

Dr Mary Poonen Lukose was the first woman from Kerala to graduate in medicine
Dr Mary Poonen Lukose was the primary lady from Kerala to graduate in medication, Image supply: The Higher India

Dr Mary Poonen Lukose was the primary lady from Kerala to graduate in medication. While learning obstetrics and gynaecology on the Rotunda Hospital in Dublin, she started coaching as a midwife and dealing within the slums of Dublin to ship infants.

Following her return to India, Lukose performed present-day Kerala’s first C-section process in 1920. In keeping with historian Manu S Pillai, “By 1929, 1.6 million of the 5 million topics of Travancore had entry to trendy medication.”

9. An anti-epileptic drug

Prof Asima Chatterjee
Prof Asima Chatterjee, Image supply: Google books

Usually hailed because the ‘Doyenne of Chemistry’, Prof Asima Chatterjee was the primary lady to be awarded a Physician of Science by the College of Calcutta in 1944. With greater than 400 papers printed in nationwide and worldwide journals, Chatterjee was extremely reputed.

Over her sixty-year profession, certainly one of her most applauded discoveries was the anti-epileptic drug, ‘Ayush-56’ from Marsilia minuta, and the anti-malarial drug.

Edited by Pranita Bhat



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