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HomeCulture11 Japanese Expressions for Totally different Ranges of Uncertainty

11 Japanese Expressions for Totally different Ranges of Uncertainty


Even in conditions when Japanese individuals are fairly optimistic that one thing is true, they sometimes maintain again on expressing claims. Much like how one would possibly use a layer of wrapping paper to cover what is actually inside a package deal, when talking Japanese, Japanese audio system often encase their assertions in language that suggests they don’t seem to be certain about it. To go well with this social custom, Japanese gives a wide range of grammatical phrases for various levels of certainty.

For instance, contemplate a situation the place you arrive at work within the morning, and a coworker asks you whether or not you left a doc on her desk final night time. You didn’t do this, however you consider one other coworker, Tanaka-san, might have. That is what you possibly can say:

  • 田中さん[かな / かも / な気がする / だと思う]。
  • It is perhaps Tanaka-san.

These 4 phrases are introduced so as of diploma of certainty: from least sure to most sure. Though 4 would possibly seem to be sufficient, that is merely the tip of the iceberg. Japanese has much more related expressions, and understanding them is essential for talking the language in a extra Japanese-like method.

To help you in utilizing Japanese in a method that probably sounds extra Japanese, this text discusses these phrases so as of diploma of certainty. Are you able to study them? Perhaps? Maybe? Properly, it appears you might be prepared, I suppose. So, let’s get the ball rolling!

Conditions: This text assumes you already know hiragana and katakana. If it is advisable brush up, take a look at our Final Hiragana Information and Final Katakana Information.

Notes: This text concentrates extra on the subtleties of every time period, notably in strange talking or writing. Some expressions may not be acceptable in formal writing, akin to tutorial writing, as formal writing tends to require a inflexible and assertive type normally.

A Massive Image Have a look at Diploma of Certainty Phrases

As talked about within the introduction, there are many methods to convey your assumptions in Japanese. All of those expressions are for “judgments” made in gentle of the accessible info. The knowledge of the judgment, nonetheless, may be completely different relying on how a lot info the speaker is aware of, and the way a lot they depend on it to make judgments, in addition to whether or not or not they reached their assumption subjectively or objectively.

To assist your understanding, here is a chart to indicate you a tough thought of the understanding degree and the way subjectivity or objectivity every time period sounds:

“Sure” and “unsure” must be fairly self-explanatory, however what do I imply by “subjective” or “goal”? Mainly, the extra “subjective” a time period is, the extra closely it is primarily based by yourself assumptions and instinct, whereas extra “goal” phrases rely a bit extra on exterior info or previous experiences together with your personal ideas.

Don’t fret in the event you aren’t conversant in these actual expressions but, although — we will go over them one after the other. Additionally, in the event you really feel like this desk is lacking another phrases you already know, akin to 多分 (maybe) or きっと (absolutely), relaxation assured that I will be masking them on this article as properly, however in a separate part on the backside!

Expressions For Conveying a Low Stage of Certainty

a person holding up both arms in an uncertain way

To start out, let’s introduce expressions for conveying the bottom degree of certainty.

〜かな for “I Surprise…”

To precise your feeling of uncertainty, you should utilize 〜かな. 〜かな is the equal of the English phrase “I ponder…” It is usually used with a notion or a hypothetical situation that has come to thoughts, and implies that it’s best to take it with a pinch of salt.

For instance, in the event you sneeze and also you surprise you probably have a chilly, you possibly can stick 〜かな onto 風邪 (chilly) and say:

  • 風邪かな。
  • I ponder if I’ve a chilly.

Right here, 〜かな expresses that when you suppose you may need a chilly, you might be nonetheless not sure and are questioning about it.

You can too connect かな to an extended sentence. As an illustration, in the event you surprise chances are you’ll develop a fever, you could possibly say:

  • 熱が出るかな。
  • I ponder if I am getting a fever.

In a method, 〜かな is form of like asking your self a query, and thus it is thought of an off-the-cuff expression.

Once more, on this instance, 〜かな signifies that though you are afraid of getting a fever, you might be nonetheless not sure and questioning about it.

Attributable to its nature, 〜かな lacks the well mannered kind. To precise this form of hypothesis when chatting with somebody in a well mannered method, you possibly can as an alternative use 〜ですかね or 〜ますかね, or the extra formal 〜でしょうか(ね).

  • 風邪[ですかね / でしょうか(ね)]。
  • I ponder if I’ve a chilly.

    (Actually: Do you suppose I’ve a chilly?)
  • 熱[出ますかね / 出るでしょうか(ね)]。
  • I ponder if I am creating a fever.

    (Actually: Do you suppose I’ll develop a fever?)

Right here, です and ます are the marker for the politeness, is the query particle, and is the confirmation-seeking particle. And, でしょう is among the grammar factors used to precise hypothesis. Should you aren’t conversant in them, try the linked pages!

〜かもしれない for “Could” or “Would possibly”

〜かもしれない is the Japanese equal of “might” or “would possibly.” It communicates the implication that one thing could also be true, however you are not fully certain. In different phrases, it refers to your guess when there isn’t a concrete proof to assist it.

Let’s use the identical situation of you sneezing. As an alternative of “you surprise,” you suppose you may need a chilly. On this case, you should utilize 〜かもしれない and say:

  • 風邪かもしれない。
  • I may need a chilly.

Right here, 〜かもしれない reveals that even in the event you suspect that you simply may need a chilly, you are not so certain. Should you’re very sure that your sneeze is being attributable to a chilly, you should not use 〜かもしれない.

Word that 〜かもしれない is usually shortened to only 〜かも in informal dialog, or in self-directed speech. So in the event you now have some chills and are telling your member of the family that you simply would possibly develop a fever, it is common to drop しれない and say:

  • 熱が出るかも。
  • I’ll develop a fever.

Though it’s grammatically incorrect, some individuals use 〜かも with です to lend a way of informal politeness. So in the event you’re telling one in all your superiors at work that you simply’re pleasant with that you simply would possibly get a fever, you could possibly say:

  • 熱が出るかもです。
  • I’ll develop a fever.

Nonetheless, you’d use the right well mannered kind, 〜かもしれません, in the event you had been talking to a different senior worker with whom you’ve a stiff, sq. relationship.

  • 熱が出るかもしれません。
  • I’ll develop a fever.

Alright, you have most likely had sufficient of 〜かもしれない expressions, so let’s transfer onto the following expression!

〜気がする for “I Have A Feeling…”

〜気がする actually interprets to “have a sense,” and it is used to precise that you simply aren’t sure however “you’ve a sense that one thing is perhaps the case.”

Since 〜気がする signifies that you’ve a hunch about one thing, it sounds barely extra sure than 〜かな (I ponder) or 〜かもしれない (possibly/would possibly). Nonetheless, the understanding degree of this expression remains to be low, as a result of it solely conveys a sense or guess primarily based on instinct, reasonably than identified information.

Let’s reuse the sneezing instance to see the way it works. After an enormous achoo, in the event you intuitively suppose “Oh, I’ll have a chilly,” then you should utilize 〜気がする and say:

  • 風邪引いた気がする。
  • I’ve a sense that I’ve a chilly.

Right here, 〜気がする expresses that when you get the sensation that you’ve a chilly, there is no stable proof to assist this.

What in the event you’ve been experiencing chills and wish to inform your boss that you simply sense a fever is coming subsequent? On this circumstance, you should utilize the well mannered 〜気がします and say:

  • 熱が出そうな気がします。
  • I’ve a sense that I’ll develop a fever.

As soon as extra, 〜気がします demonstrates that when you do have a sneaking suspicion that you could be get a fever, there is no concrete proof to again this up.

Alright, now that we have lined all of the low certainty expressions (aside from adverbs, which we’ll study later), let’s transfer on to the expressions for conveying a medium degree of certainty!

Expressions For Conveying a Medium Stage of Certainty

a person holding up one arm, to show they are somewhat certain

On this part, we’ll talk about expressions that convey a medium degree of certainty. You would possibly use these once you suppose you’ve some proof to assist your argument, but it surely stays a matter of conjecture, and you do not wish to assert ideas too strongly.

〜っぽい for “Like…,” “-ish,” or “It Appears…”

〜っぽい is a slang-ish suffix that expresses similarity, as in “(really feel) like…,” or “-ish” in English. For instance, in the event you really feel like you’ve a chilly, you possibly can say:

  • 風邪っぽい。
  • I really feel like that I’ve a chilly.

And in the event you’re feverish, and also you wish to report that to your boss, you possibly can add the well mannered です and say:

  • 熱っぽいです。
  • I really feel feverish.

In these examples, 〜っぽい casually signifies that you’ve some signs of a chilly or fever, however you do not essentially know you probably have an precise chilly or fever.

〜っぽい can even observe the state of affairs during which you suppose it is possible true primarily based in your remark, like:

  • 風邪引いたっぽいです。
  • It looks like I’ve a chilly.

On this case, 〜っぽい provides a way of ambiguity, like “Given the signs, it is possible I’ve a chilly, but it surely’s not a 100% certain factor.”

〜みたい for “Like…” or “It Appears…”

Much like 〜っぽい, 〜みたい is a suffix that expresses similarity or resemblance to one thing else. As an illustration, in the event you discover a yellow tomato that tastes like or appears like a banana, you possibly can say:

  • バナナみたい。
  • This is sort of a banana.

Relying on the state of affairs, using 〜みたい right here means that the yellow tomato has a taste or look that’s much like a banana.

In case you are curious, 〜みたい and 〜っぽい are comparable however distinct phrases. バナナみたい implies that you suppose the tomato someway resembles or is much like a banana, whereas バナナっぽい describes the tomato as having traits which might be type of like a banana.

Now, let’s swap 〜っぽい with 〜みたい within the earlier instance 風邪引いたっぽい。(It looks like I’ve a chilly.), as in:

  • 風邪引いたみたいです。
  • It looks like I’ve a chilly.

〜みたい and 〜っぽい are certainly very related, and have the identical translation when used on this method. If I had been to be choosy, there are very small variations between the 2, although.

That’s, 〜みたい demonstrates your evaluation that your situation is akin to, if not the identical as having a chilly, whereas 〜っぽい reveals that, given your present circumstance, you get a sense that you’ve a chilly.

Since 〜みたい signifies your evaluation, 風邪引いたみたいです is barely extra sure than 風邪引いたっぽいです. Nonetheless, as a result of ambivalence added by 〜みたい, 風邪引いたみたいです nonetheless presents the message that you simply’re conscious that you simply most likely have a chilly, however are coming to phrases with it.

〜だろう/〜でしょう for “I Guess Most likely…”

In case your speculation about one thing is predicated on opinions and views with some justifications, you should utilize the expression 〜だろう, or its well mannered kind 〜でしょう, as in:

  • 風邪だろうね。
  • I assume that is most likely a chilly.
  • 熱も出るでしょうね。
  • I assume that they’re going to most likely develop a fever, too.

Right here, 〜だろう/でしょう suggests that you’re making a private guess that you simply consider might be true, whereas additionally suggesting that it’s supported by some type of proof.

These phrases are sometimes used whereas making an remark and drawing your personal conclusions. Though it’s doable to make use of them to speak about your self, speaking about any person or one thing else is way extra typical.

One other factor to remember is that だろう, or its abbreviation だろ, has an unrefined and rugged tone as-is. This rough-hewn facet works properly once you’re making an affirmative assertion about your guess in writing or in a proper speech. In strange talking, nonetheless, it sounds robust and is usually thought of masculine.

To melt the sound, the ultimate particle ね is usually used with it, simply as within the examples above 〜だろうね. However, 〜でしょう is a really well mannered expression and is favored in formal conditions. Including ね to it, as in 〜でしょうね, could make it sound female, although it is used throughout the gender spectrum in formal settings.

For these nuances, each 〜だろう and 〜でしょう may not at all times be the popular selections in strange conversations. As an alternative, many individuals select 〜と思う (I believe…) as an alternative to convey their assertion normally conditions. Talking of which, you possibly can simply scroll right down to see how 〜と思う is used!

〜と思う for “I Assume/Imagine…”

Whenever you draw a conclusion primarily based on some proof, and really consider it is more likely to be true, you should utilize the expression 〜と思う (I believe/consider…), which is the mixture of the citation marker と and the verb 思う (to suppose).

For instance, in the event you not solely sneezed however have chills and fatigue, chances are you’ll say:

  • 風邪引いたと思う。
  • I believe that I’ve a chilly.

Right here, 〜と思う expresses that you’ve some motive to again up your declare, and also you naturally got here to suppose that is most likely the case.

Whenever you say 〜と思う, you might be merely expressing a thought, thought, or notion that simply occurred to you.

Should you’re questioning why the phrase “naturally” was inserted there, good eye! Japanese has two verbs for “suppose,” 思う and 考える. Between the 2, 思う refers to extra spontaneous pondering that bubbles up naturally “in your coronary heart,” whereas 考える is a extra methodical type of energetic pondering, which we’d say occurs “in your head.”

Now, let’s check out the above instance 風邪引いたと思う once more. Right here, the declare 風邪引いた (I caught/have a chilly) is a extremely satisfied sentence in and of itself (we’ll discuss this later too!), and what 〜と思う is doing is definitely softening the assertion by stating that it is the notion that naturally got here to you.

For that reason, the understanding of 〜と思う adjustments relying on the sentence you connect it to. For instance, you possibly can lower the extent of certainty by including 〜かな (I ponder) or 〜かも(しれない) (might/would possibly) to the declare, like:

  • 風邪引いた[かな / かも(しれない)]と思う。
  • I believe that I’ll have a chilly.

On this case, 〜と思う softens the already imprecise かな/かもしれない statements and makes them even much less sure. However, in the event you add an adverb like 絶対 (positively), it turns into a robust conviction:

  • 絶対風邪引いたと思う。
  • I believe that I positively have a chilly.

However once more, simply saying 絶対 風邪引いた with out 〜と思う is stronger, and what 〜と思う is basically softening the sturdy assertion.

This occurs in English too, however as was talked about to start with, Japanese individuals sometimes reserve making assertions about one thing except they’re absolutely sure that it’s correct. Because of this, you hear 〜と思う, or 〜気がする (I’ve a sense…), used with many Japanese remarks to assist the speaker really feel comfortable.

There was loads on this part to soak up, huh? One last level: the well mannered type of 思う is 思います. So, use 思います when telling your ideas to somebody with whom it is advisable communicate to in a courteous method.

〜そう for “It Seems/Appears Like…”

You can too use 〜そう once you consider that one thing is about to occur, somebody goes to do one thing, or some situation is perhaps the case. For instance, in the event you really feel such as you would possibly develop a fever, you possibly can mix it with the verb 出る and say:

  • 熱が出そう。
  • It appears/looks like I am going to develop a fever.

〜そう will also be used with adjectives, too. For instance, in case your buddy observed you were not feeling properly, they could add 〜そう to an い-adjective しんどい and say:

  • しんどそうだね。
  • It appears/looks like you are not feeling properly.

As talked about earlier, 〜そう principally interprets to “it appears/looks like” in English. To place it one other method, you should utilize this to easily describe what you suppose goes to occur, primarily based in your remark of the current state of affairs.

Since 〜そう is principally your report on what one thing “appears/looks like” primarily based in your remark, its certainty degree is barely increased than different expressions we have discovered to this point. Nonetheless, it nonetheless implies that you simply aren’t sure, so when speaking about what’s seemingly about to occur, it usually goes properly with 〜気がする, as in:

  • 熱が出そうな気がする。
  • I’ve a sense that I’ll seemingly develop a fever.

Word that since 〜そう is an expression that is depending on what you might be observing on the time you are talking, you can not use it to elucidate an occasion that occurred previously.

Expressions For Conveying a Excessive Stage of Certainty

a person giving a thumbs up

Now you have discovered all of the expressions for low and medium certainty, let’s transfer onto the high-certainty expressions.

〜はず for “Supposed To Be” or “Ought to Be”

Should you suppose that one thing is “supposed” to be or “ought to” be the case, foreseeably primarily based on goal, logical inference, the phrase 〜はず is available in play.

So you probably have sneezed, get some chills, and foresee {that a} fever is about to develop, you possibly can say:

  • 熱が出るはず。
  • I ought to have a fever quickly.

Right here, 〜はず signifies that you simply consider that it is extremely possible {that a} fever is coming quickly, and that perception is predicated on believable info.

And in case your assistant at work has some reminiscence of getting acetaminophen within the workplace cupboard, they might politely say:

  • 薬があったはずです。
  • There must be some medicine, if I bear in mind accurately.

On this instance, 〜はず means that they’ve a reminiscence of getting some drugs, if their reminiscence is correct.

In different phrases, 〜はず signifies an amazing diploma of certainty, however not 100%. It conveys that you simply assume or consider that one thing is the case, however that you simply’re conscious that it isn’t essentially so.

〜に違いない for “Should”

Like 〜はず, 〜に ちがいない additionally denotes a excessive diploma of certainty, but it surely implies that your personal subjective judgment is concerned to succeed in the conclusion.

It is simpler to understand the nuance of 〜に ちがいない whereas evaluating it with 〜はず, so let’s deliver again the sooner instance of you foreseeing an upcoming fever for comparability:

  • 熱が出る[はず / に違いない]。
  • I ought to have a fever quickly.

The implication right here could be very related, as each indicate that you’ve got reached the idea that you’re extremely more likely to have a fever quickly, given that you simply at present have sneezes and chills.

〜に違いない sounds extra assured and robust than
〜はず, as a result of it conveys your private conviction on the conclusion.

The literal that means of 違いない is “no distinction” or “not a mistake.” It signifies that one thing is strictly what you suppose with none distinction or inaccuracy.

Thus, the literal that means of the phrase 〜に違いない is “I affirm that XYZ is correct and proper in each facet,” which after all conveys a really excessive diploma of certainty.

As you possibly can see, what 〜に違いない implies is sort of inflexible. Therefore, it is extra of a literary expression than colloquial.

Though 〜はず and 〜に違いない had been interchangeable within the above instance, due to the slight distinction in nuance, they cannot at all times be swapped. As an illustration, as a result of its sturdy confidence, 〜に違いない can’t be used within the state of affairs the place you bear in mind one thing and it is extremely possible, however you are not 100% certain, like:

  • 薬があった[はず(です) / ❌に違いない(です) / ❌に違いありません]。
  • There must be some medicine, if I bear in mind accurately.

Should you use 〜に違いない, or its well mannered types 〜に違いないです or 〜に違いありません, within the above sentence, it will sound as in the event you’re a detective or a some kind investigator — it is as in the event you’re drawing conclusions concerning the crime scene and asserting that some form of medicine will need to have been current at a selected location previously.

The bottom of your declare may be both information, data, and even simply your intuition, however with all the data at your disposal, 〜に違いない expresses that you simply can’t be sure that that would be the case.

For this connotation, detective characters in fiction might regularly make use of 〜に違いない in speech. Nonetheless, few individuals wish to sound like detectives in actual life, so to say the identical factor, individuals sometimes use 〜と思う, or its well mannered 〜と思うんです or 〜と思います, with an adverb, akin to 絶対 (positively):

  • 絶対薬があった[と思う / と思うんです / と思います]。
  • I absolutely suppose that there was some medicine.

We’ll quickly undergo all of the adverbs for various ranges of certainty. Earlier than transferring on, nonetheless, now we have one final expression for prime certainty to debate: the plain kind.

Plain Kind for “Realization” or “Conviction”

Nearly all of textbooks do not point out this, however when Japanese individuals have simply realized one thing or are lastly satisfied that one thing is the case, they sometimes simply state it utilizing the phrase in its most simple “plain kind.”

For instance, in the event you sneeze and develop into satisfied that you’ve a chilly, you would possibly merely use the plain kind and say:

  • あ、風邪引いた(わ/な)。
  • Oh, I’ve/obtained a chilly.

Then, in the event you really feel a chill approaching and are sure a fever will begin, you possibly can say:

  • うん、熱も出る(わ/な)。
  • Yep, I am gonna have a fever.

Now suppose you genuinely begin feeling sick and have a excessive fever, and consider it is a flu. You would possibly say:

  • インフルエンザだ(わ/な)。
  • This have to be the flu.

These examples all have a plain kind ending, both within the current or the previous tense. They will nonetheless take sentence-final particles which might be directed at your self, akin to わ (a judgment/sentiment marker) or な (a discovery marker). However even with out them, ending a sentence in a plain kind sufficiently communicates your judgment or your discovery that one thing is true and that you’re assured in it.

You do not sometimes see the well mannered kind on this use as a result of it is primarily used for a self-directed realization or conviction. Nonetheless, chances are you’ll use the well mannered kind in case you are speaking to the viewers and talking in a well mannered method normally.

As an illustration, in the event you’re live-streaming your life and also you suppose you’ve a fever the second you have sneezed, you could possibly say:

  • あ、風邪引きました(ね)。
  • Oh, I’ve/obtained a chilly.

Then, in the event you really feel a chill and anticipate a fever approaching, you possibly can say:

  • うん、熱も出ます(ね)。
  • Yep, I am gonna have a fever.

After which, you really get actually sick and have develop into to suppose you’ve the flu, you could possibly say:

  • インフルエンザです(ね)。
  • This have to be the flu.

As you possibly can see within the examples, it is customary to make use of the particle ね on this state of affairs to solicit viewers settlement, as in “do you agree with my realization?”

Okay, now that we have gone via each expression for certainty, all that is left is to take a look at adverbs! Do not be alarmed; since you have already discovered a lot, I am going to solely briefly undergo every adverb. So, let’s carry on and get to the end line of this text collectively!

Adverbs For Totally different Ranges of Uncertainty

text bubbles with different Japanese adverbs that express uncertainty

Along with the expressions discovered above, there are adverbs that denote numerous levels of uncertainty. These adverbs regularly associate with different expressions you beforehand discovered, notably with 思う, however the frequency of collocations relies on the phrase.

As promised, we cannot go into nice element about every adverb on this half; as an alternative, I am going to record the fundamental adverbs for various ranges of uncertainty (sure, there are literally greater than our record!😅), clarify the fundamental definition, and probably the most frequent collocation.

なんだか or なんか for “Considerably” or “Someway”

なんだか, or its extra colloquial informal model なんか, is an adverb for “considerably” or someway.” This expression regularly goes with 〜気がする, as in:

  • なん(だ)か熱が出そうな気がする。
  • Someway I’ve a sense that I’ll develop a fever.

By including なん(だ)か to the sentence with 〜気がする, it could possibly muddy up your already-murky intuitive guess and make it sound extra ambiguous.

もしかしたら for “Perhaps” or “Maybe”

もしかしたら is an adverb for “possibly” or “maybe,” and it is used when presuming one thing with a level of doubt. This expression is usually used with 〜かも(しれない), as in:

  • もしかしたら風邪引いたかもしれない。
  • Perhaps I may need a chilly.

Different adverbs like もしかすると, ひょっとしたら, or ひょっとすると specific an identical nuance, however もしかしたら is the most typical.

多分 for “Perhaps,” “Maybe,” or “Most likely”

多分 is one other phrase for “possibly” or “maybe,” however its certainty degree is increased than もしかしたら and thus it mostly interprets as “most likely.”

Therefore, it is sometimes used with 〜だろう/でしょう or 〜と思う, as in:

  • 多分風邪だろう。
  • I assume it is most likely a chilly.
  • 多分風邪引いたと思う。
  • I believe I most likely have a chilly.

Nevertheless it will also be used with different expressions akin to 〜かな, 〜かも(しれない), or 〜はず.

恐らく for “Most likely”

おそらく additionally normally interprets to “most likely”, however its certainty degree is increased than 多分, and it is usually used to foretell a foul end result sooner or later. Additionally, the tone is extra formal and literary, so it is best suited to formal conversations or in writing.
Due to this nuance, おそらく is usually used with a really affirmative declare, accompanied by an inferring expression, akin to 〜だろう/でしょう or 〜と思う.

  • 恐らく風邪だろう。
  • I assume it is most likely a chilly.
  • 恐らく風邪を引いたんだと思います。
  • I believe I most likely have a chilly.

Within the above examples, the primary one feels like a written sentence or a blunt, self-directed thought, whereas the latter feels like a proper and well mannered speech.

きっと for “Most likely,” “Absolutely,” or “Definitely”

きっと is one other adverb that would translate to “most likely,” however its certainty degree is way increased than 多分 or おそらく and thus it mostly interprets to “absolutely” or “definitely.”

Therefore, it may be used with an inferring expression, akin to 〜だろう/でしょう or 〜と思う, however it could possibly additionally go properly with the expressions like 〜はず or 〜に ちがいない.

  • きっと熱が出る[だろう / と思う]。
  • I assume I am going to absolutely develop a fever.
  • きっと熱が出る[はず / に違いない]。
  • I am certain I am going to develop a fever.

Word that きっと additionally has different implications relying on the context. For instance, the next sentence can have two readings relying on the context.

  • きっと元気になるよ!
  • I am certain [I’ll / you’ll / they’ll] be higher quickly.

Right here, in the event you’re speaking about your self, it expresses dedication — you are decided to be higher quickly. When speaking about another person, then again, it could possibly specific a robust need — you actually hope they wish to be higher quickly.

確実に or 絶対に for “Absolutely,” “Definitely,” or “Completely”

確実かくじつに and 絶対に are the phrases for “absolutely,” “definitely,” or “completely,” and so they specific a really excessive diploma of certainty.

Therefore, they can be utilized with an inferring expression, akin to akin to 〜だろう/でしょう or 〜と思う, but in addition go properly with expressions like 〜はず, 〜に ちがいない.

  • [確実に / 絶対に]熱が出る[だろう / と思う]。
  • I assume I am going to definitely develop a fever.
  • [確実に / 絶対に]熱が出る[はず / に違いない]。
  • I am certain I am going to definitely develop a fever.

They usually additionally go properly with the plain kind when expressing “realization” or “conviction.”

  • これ[確実に / 絶対に]インフルエンザだ。
  • I am sure that is the flu.

Between the 2, 確実かくじつに facilities on “certainty” primarily based on the target incontrovertible fact that there aren’t any errors, adjustments, and so on., wheras 絶対に merely means “completely” and signifies being uncontested by something.

間違いなく for “Unmistakably” or “Positively”

One other adverb with a really excessive degree of certainty is 間違まちがいなく, which signifies your unambiguous conviction and may translate “unmistakably” or “positively.”

It goes properly with an inferring expression, akin to akin to 〜だろう/でしょう or 〜と思う or the plain type of a phrase that expresses “realization” or “conviction.”

  • 間違いなく熱が出る[だろう / と思う]。
  • I assume I am going to positively develop a fever.
  • 間違いなく熱が出る(わ)。
  • I am certain I am going to positively develop a fever.

Word that 間違まちがいなく suggests that you’ve given your judgment that one thing is undeniably true primarily based on some info you’ve. Because of this, it carries a extra formal tone when in comparison with 確実かくじつに and 絶対に, although it could possibly nonetheless be utilized in on a regular basis speech.

Fairly Probably the Conclusion

Whew! I do know that is quite a lot of info to cowl, however don’t be concerned if you have not memorized all of it but. This web page could be a reference so that you can revisit repeatedly till you have obtained all of it down.

Take into account that the extent of certainty described on this article is simply an approximation, as the understanding conveyed can change relying on the context of the sentence, the one who makes use of the expression, and extra.

Lastly, like I discussed, observe that this text is simply the tip of the iceberg; Japanese has tons of various methods for making statements much less sure or extra imprecise, together with layering a number of the above expressions, utilizing double negatives, or extra. Nonetheless, hopefully it is a good place to begin for including extra nuance to your personal Japanese, or serving to you perceive the extent of certainty that somebody is making an attempt to precise. Attempt to observe what types of statements Japanese individuals are making in actual life and the context during which they’re making these statements, and hopefully this form of nuance will develop into second nature to you.
Footnotes:

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